Dermatitis

Inflammation of the skin, typically characterized by itchinessredness and a rash.

Atopic dermatitis usually first presents in infancy, and can affect 1 in 5 children. Any age can be affected however, with an estimated 1 in 10 adults having atopic dermatitis. It is non contagious and can present as Acute or chronic.

Causes

The exact cause is unknown, but it’s thought to be linked to an overactive response by the body’s immune system to an irritant. Common causes include:

  • Family history
  • Immune system dysfunction
  • Skin infection
  • Dry skin
  • Exposure to food, airborne, or contact allergens
  • Stress

Types of Dermatitis:

Symptoms:

Symptoms will vary from mild to severe and are individual to each patient. They may also come and go depending on different factors. Common symptoms include:

  • Rashes
  • blisters
  • dry, cracked skin
  • itchy skin
  • painful skin, with stinging or burning
  • redness
  • swelling

Treatment and prevention:

The treatment for dermatitis varies, depending on the cause and your symptoms

  • Moisturise
  • Topical treatments such as corticosteroid creams, anti-inflammatory creams, gels or ointments
  • Barrier cream if needed
  • Anti-fungal medications
  • Avoid triggers
  • Prevent / treat secondary infection
  • Avoid itch/scratch cycle